Secrets of an Ancient County, a Thousand Years of History
Reporters: Wang Jiangang, Sun Bing, Li Jianglong, Zhang Na, Lu Bo, Wei Jiqun from Lulong Channel
Introduction: Lulong has a long history and a rich culture. As early as 3,600 years ago, during the Shang Dynasty, it was the location of the Guzhu Country. Today, on “I love my hometown - generous gifts from history”, the reporters will take you to Lulong to explore the cultural relics and legends left by the ancient city.
Reporter Zhang Na: In Lulong, people are proud of the fact that this land bred the Guzhu civilization.
Liu Baoyi, a 86-year-old Lulong resident, has been fascinated by the Guzhu civilization and collected and compiled a lot of information about it.
Liu Baoyi, resident of Lulong: This map is based on the legends of the past. Yongping was originally within the territory of the Guzhu state. It existed more than 3,000 years ago. I have marked the map with numbers to show how the state was formed, each number corresponding to an address on my map, which were buildings of the Guzhu state.
Main text:Boyi and Shuqi were the two sons of the duke of Guzhu. According to the legend, the duke designated his younger son Shuqi as the heir of the state. After his death, Shuqi abdicated the throne to Boyi, who did not want it either. So, unwilling to take the throne, the two brothers escaped to the state of Zhou. They tried hard to prevent the war between Zhou and the Shang Dynasty. After king Wu of the Zhou state conquered the Shang Dynasty, the two brothers, ashamed of eating the rice provided by the new dynasty, stayed in the Shouyang mountain and only ate flowers. In the end they starved to death.
Liu Baoyi, resident of Lulong: the story of Boyi and Shuqi tells us what courtesy is: one can suffer losses and give away his privileges to others.
So far, on the Liuyinshan Mountain in Shimen Town, Lulong County, there are also the remains of the legendary of the places Boyi and Shuqi used to read books. Nowadays, the inheritance and development of the Guzhu culture has been paid more and more attention. The “Guzhu Culture Research Association" and the "Poetry Society" have been established successively, and "Guzhu trend" magazine has been re-established to explore the profound connotations of the Guzhu Culture. In addition, Lulong also built the Guzhu Cultural Theme Park to promote the Guzhu culture and expand Lulong’s popularity and influence.
Zhang Na, reporter: The story of Boyi and Shuqi happened more than 3,000 years ago. From then on, the spirit of their courtesy and righteousness is like this ancient city wall, standing in the heart of the Lulong people.
The old city was to the north-west of Lulong county, which had a direct relationship with Cao Cao, the emperor of Wei Wu, the great hero famous in history.
Xiao Yuanping, director of the Cultural Protection Management Office of Lulong County: According to Records of the Three Kingdoms, when Cao Cao led the army to attack a northern tribe named Wuhuan, he defeated them and killed Tadun (the leader), and then Cao’s army returned to the south. In September of the same year, Cao Cao once again took troops to Lulong and built Pingzhou City (ancient Lulong).
Main text:Since then, the ancient city has been expanded, developed and perfected many times, and reached its peak in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, becoming the seat of Yongping, the “first government to the east of Beijing”.
Xiao Yuanping, Director of the Cultural Protection Management Office of Lulong County: This is the Yongping City at that time. The overall shape is irregular. The north is relatively narrow, and the south is relatively wide. It is 1,165 meters long from east to west and 1,200 meters long from north to south. At that time, there were four gates in the four directions. There were walls over the gates, and horse roads that led to the top of the wall. There were also Wengcheng (Enclosure towers for defence) on the outside of the four gates. There was also a bell tower and a drum tower and many majestic temples in the city.
Main text:In the course of historical development, the ancient city has been built and expanded continuously. Each city gate has formed a unique historical legend. Among them, the story of “the fight of the ox and the tiger” is the most typical in the west gate.
Zhao Quanming, deputy director of Lulong County Cultural & Tourism Committee: there used be tigers here. One day, when an old man was herding his ox, he tied two sharp knives to its horns and then the ox killed the tiger with them. People skinned the tiger and ate the meat, then covered the stone mill with the tiger skin. Later, the skin was discovered by two calves. They thought it was still a tiger. Then they rushed over to the stone mill and crashed to their death. The action of the calves inspired people a lot. Later, the story was engraved on the stone, just to let people commemorate it. They put this stone under the gate of Wengcheng. Now in order to protect it, we saved it in the cultural protection office.
However, due to the early war damage and the continuous expansion of towns in recent years, the ancient walls of the east, south and north of the ancient city of Lulong and most of the ancient buildings in the ancient city have been damaged or renovated into modern architectural styles, leaving only two gates in the west and the south, a Wengcheng (an enclosure tower for defence) and more than 1,000 meters of ancient city walls.
Zhang Na, reporter: if we enter the ancient city by the southern gate and head for north, soon afterwards we can see a stone tower. It is a national key protected cultural relic - Da Foding zunsheng tuoluoni jingchuang (Great Sutra Column of the Usnisa Vijaya Dharani Sutra ) the Dhvaja of Vijaya Dharani
Main text:A dhvaja is a stone pillar with the name of Buddha or Buddhist sutras. Its main usage is to promote Buddhism to people. The Lulong dhvaja is 10.35 meters high and was originally built in the Tang Dynasty. Destroyed by natural catastrophe, it was rebuilt in the Jin Dynasty and repaired in the Ming Dynasty. This eight-side multiple floor tower demonstrates the architectural technique of the Tang, Jin, and Ming Dynasties and displays a special design and a diverse cultural content. The sculpture is beautiful and the sculpted figures are lively and animated. This tower is precious material for research on the development of the ancient Chinese sculpture.
Xiao Yuanping, director of the Cultural Protection Management Office of Lulong County: In ancient China, there were a lot of Dhvajas of this shape all over the country. But well-preserved ones like ours are fairly rare.ment can take measures to reduce natural and man-made damage and to protect this precious relic.
Main text:Whether it is for promoting Buddhism or eliminating natural catastrophes, the Dhvaja was built to bring better life to local people. The Dhvaja is not only a symbolic building of ancient Lulong, but also a historical memory that locals are proud of.ment can take measures to reduce natural and man-made damage and to protect this precious relic.
Zhang Na, Reporter: For thousands of years, this Dhvaja has stood here silently under the rain and the wind. The beautiful sculptures are no longer easy to find. Cultural relics carry the historical and cultural memories of a city. We hope that the government can take measures to reduce natural and man-made damage and to protect this precious relic.